Cameroon

Situation Report

Highlights

  • North-West and South West situation report (1-31 March 2022)
  • The cholera outbreak in the South-West (SW) region continues to spread within the region with over 3,559 positive cases and 71 deaths as of 31 March (2.0 per cent fatality rate)
  • About 870 Gender-based violence (GBV) cases reported to specialised service providers
  • An international medical NGO indefinitely suspends its operations in the SW, in response to the detention of four of its staff for more than three months
  • A 7-year-old child was killed while playing with an unexploded ordnance (UXO) in Mezam division, North-West (NW) region.
Source: OCHA
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Cameroon

Situation Report

Key Figures

2.0M
Affected people in NWSW
1.4M
Targeted for assistance in NWSW
573.9K
IDPs within or displaced from NWSW
383.6K
Returnees (former IDP) in NWSW
74.4K
Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria

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Cameroon

Situation Report

Funding

$361.6M
Required
$195.6M
Received
54%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Karen Perrin

Head of Office

Ali Dawoud

Head of sub-Office North-West South-West regions, Buea

Ilham Moussa

Head of sub-Office Bamenda, North-West region

Bibiane Mouangue

Public Information Officer

Ariane Maixandeau

Public Information Officer

Cameroon

Situation Report
Visual

Map of IDP, from the North-West and South-West Regions of Cameroon

Map of IDPs from the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon

Source: OCHA, IOM, CHOI, Partners

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview / Humanitarian access

The cholera outbreak in the South-West region remains of great concern, with a surge in positive cases and deaths. The highest number of positive cases (2,239) and deaths (34) have been recorded in March. Providing a sustainable solution for sanitation and drinking water needs in cholera-affected areas remains the main challenge. Certain areas in Ndian division, affected by a cholera outbreak, can only be accessed by boat, further hampering the cholera response.

Non-State armed groups (NSAGs) continue to deploy improvised explosive devices (IEDs) against State security forces, which also create risks for the civilian population and humanitarian actors. Five IEDs were detonated in the SW, three in the North-West region.

Humanitarian activities remain impossible to be conducted on Mondays, declared as ghost towns, and on lockdown days. Ndop (Ngo Ketunjia division) and Ndu (Donga Mantung division) have been particularly affected by local lockdowns.

In different attacks against educational facilities, personnel and school children, one teacher has been killed, one school principal abducted, and one school facility was set on fire by unidentified men.

On 29 March, an international medical NGO decided to indefinitely suspend its operations in the South-West region, in response to the detention of four of its staff for more than three months. According to the NGO, this decision is due to its inability to protect its staff exposed to the risk of being arrested or persecuted for providing humanitarian assistance.

UNHAS services remain suspended across the North-West and South-West.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Food assistance
IDP beneficiary of food distribution in South-West region. Credit: OCHA Giles Clarke

Food security

Partners provided emergency food, agriculture, and livelihood assistance to 66,398 people. About 8 per cent received assistance through cash and voucher modalities.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Caritas Bamenda in the NW and CEFORA in the SW distributed seeds, and other materials to set up 50 mushroom farms in both regions. Additionally, they distributed fertilizers, sprayers and african nightshade seeds to 700 households. About 100 households were also assisted with 44,685 seedlings of tomatoes in the Fako division in the SW, while the monitoring of 450 mini poultry production units is ongoing.

The World Food Programme (WFP) and its partners were unable to provide food assistance to the 250,000 beneficiaries targeted monthly, due to programmatic and logistic delays. Food distribution and cash assistance are planned for April with double rations to be served to compensate for March.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Health
MSF Community health volunteer providing free consultation to IDPs in South West region

Health

The cholera outbreak in the SW region continued to spread. There was a surge in the number of cases in the Buea and Limbe health districts. The number of cases increased from 1,320 in February to 3,559 cases as of 30 March. The number of deaths increased from 37 to 71 during the same period (2.0 per cent fatality rate). The initial capacities of the treatment centers in Buea, Limbe, and Tiko towns were overwhelmed, and this was accompanied by the depletion of resources dedicated to the response to the outbreak. Partners have been supporting the response and preparations to carry out large-scale vaccination campaigns in high-risk health areas in the Buea, Limbe, and Tiko health districts and to implement case area targeted interventions in less affected health areas.

COVID-19 cases continued to drop in the NWSW. However, the positivity rate in the SW increased from 0.6 per cent to 1 per cent while in the NW it dropped from 2.7 per cent to 1.2 per cent.

Partners provided lifesaving services to 40,233 people in need in 22 out of the 39 health districts in the NWSW through mobile clinics, community health care workers, ambulance services, and direct support to health care facilities.

An international medical NGO suspended its activities in the SW. This has greatly affected the response to the cholera outbreak and the availability of free health care services in the facilities and communities they were supporting.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Protection

Child Protection Area of Responsibility (CP AoR)

The month was marked by several incidents that could be qualified as grave violations against children. These include a 7-year-old child who was killed by an unexploded ordnance (UXO) he was playing with in the Mezam division in the NW, the killing of a teacher, an attack on a health facility in Lebialem division, and an attack on a school facility in the Fako division, all in the SW.

The CP AoR referral pathways for the NWSW were finalized and shared with members. These will be used until December 2022 and then assessed for updates if necessary. Partners continue to advocate for the training of children and caregivers on protection against IEDs and UXOs.

Programmatic interventions continued across the whole spectrum of CP services, including provision of mental health and psychosocial support, identification and assistance to unaccompanied and separated children, birth registration, case management, and awareness raising messages on CP, GBV and COVID-19. Gender-Based Violence Area of Responsibility (GBV AoR)

Partners reported 870 cases of GBV to specialized service providers (about 37.2 per cent reported in Fako division in the SW, 28.5 per cent in Mezam and 13.3 per cent in Momo, in the NW). This represents a 4.6 per cent increase compared to the number of cases reported in February (832). Over 92 per cent of survivors are women and girls. Close to 52 per cent of survivors are internally displaced persons (IDPs), 35 per cent are host community members and 13 per cent returnees. Available data revealed that 35 survivors (4 per cent) are people living with disabilities, and 60 survivors (6.9 per cent) are unaccompanied and separated children.

Reported GBV incidents include emotional abuse (33 per cent), denial of resources or opportunities (22 per cent), physical assault (14 per cent), sexual assault (14 per cent), rape (14 per cent) and forced marriage (2 per cent).

GBV actors reached 22,424 people (15,231 females and 7,193 males) with GBV interventions, including mental health and psychosocial support, legal and medical assistance, safe shelter, risk mitigation, GBV awareness-raising, women empowerment, vocational training and economic support to women and girls, distribution of dignity kits to women and girls, child protection services and the provision of emergency basic needs to survivors.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Partners reached 195,217 individuals (30 per cent IDPs and 5 per cents returnees) with WASH interventions. The main interventions included improvement of access to potable water, distribution of WASH and dignity items, and the construction of latrines. These activities were implemented in 11 divisions of the two regions.

The response to the cholera outbreak continued to mobilize more actors, however the main gaps remain the lack of interventions providing sustainable sanitation and access to drinking water in cholera affected areas. Humanitarian actors will continue their advocacy in this regard.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Shelter/NFI

Partners assisted the population with NFI items, distributed mattresses to 15 displaced households, dignity kits to 40 households and continued to provide monthly rental assistance to 60 IDP families and 20 students.

The main challenge ahead includes the cluster’s ability to mobilize resources to respond in a timely manner in cases of new displacement caused by violence or natural disaster.

Data not available at time of publication from Education, Nutrition and Protection clusters

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Coordination

Humanitarian Coordination

OCHA continued to provide leadership in coordinating the humanitarian response through the facilitation of the Inter-Cluster Coordination Group, the Access Working Group, the Information Management Working Group and Humanitarian Coordination Forums, including in the West and Littoral regions which host IDPs from the NWSW.

OCHA and humanitarian partners continued to advocate with all parties to ensure affected populations can receive life-saving assistance and protection and to facilitate humanitarian access and operations.

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