Cameroon

Situation Report

Highlights

  • North-West and South West situation report (1-31 July 2022)
  • On 24 July 2022, intercommunal clashes in Wum subdivision in the North-West region resulted in 8 civilian casualties.
  • 46 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) were placed under adequate alternative care.
  • 392 gender-based violence (GBV) cases were identified and referred to specialized services providers.
  • 260 new confirmed cases of COVID-19 were reported.
Source: OCHA
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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Cameroon

Situation Report

Key Figures

2.0M
Affected people in NWSW
1.4M
Targeted for assistance in NWSW
598K
Internally displaced persons
417.5K
Returnees (former IDP) and refugees
79.6K
Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria

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Cameroon

Situation Report

Funding

$376M
Required
$119.8M
Received
32%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Karen Perrin

Head of Office

Ali Dawoud

Head of sub-Office North-West South-West regions, Buea

Ilham Moussa

Head of sub-Office Bamenda, North-West region

Bibiane Mouangue

Public Information Officer

Ariane Maixandeau

Public Information Officer

Cameroon

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview / Humanitarian access

The situation in the North-West and South-West regions (NWSW) remains tense with continued violence and targeted attacks, including abductions, kidnappings, killings, unlawful arrests, and destruction of property. Populations, as well as education and healthcare providers in particular, continue to be under high risks when accessing facilities or delivering services. They continuously face threats, direct attacks, and armed incursions. The global rise in prices of basic commodities further exacerbates suffering among already vulnerable communities.

Attacks against school staff and students continued. On 4 July, non-State armed groups (NSAGs) fired several gunshots near a school in Kumba (Meme division, SW) while the general certificate of education (GCE) examinations were ongoing. On 8 July, NSAGs intruded into the premises of the university of Buea, in the SW and abducted a lecturer supervising end of semester examinations. They also harassed the students taking the exam before chasing them out of the classrooms.

On 15 July, an international medical NGO issued a statement in which it announced the reduction of its operational capacities in the SW from 1 August, due to administrative constraints and the lack of safety for its staff. On 5 July, NSAG elements broke into a mobile clinic administered by an international NGO and harassed the staff in Ediki, Meme division (SW).

Humanitarian actors continued to operate under numerous constraints including repeated lockdowns imposed by NSAGs, harassment at checkpoints, bureaucratic impediments, diversion of humanitarian aid, and risk of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in public spaces and main roads in urban and rural areas. In addition, heavy rains have rendered some roads difficult to pass and others unusable. With the combination of those constraints, delivery of humanitarian assistance and programming remain very challenging.

On 24 July, intercommunal clashes were reported in Wum subdivision (NW), resulting in 8 civilian casualties and 103 people displaced to nearby bushes and communities fearing an escalation of the situation.

COVID-19 continues to be active in both NW and SW regions: according to the Health Cluster, 260 new cases were reported in July, despite a steady decline in the number of positive cases in the regions since the beginning of the year.

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Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Food assistance
IDP beneficiary of food distribution in South-West region. Credit: OCHA Giles Clarke

Food security

Food security partners reached 117,689 people with emergency food, agriculture, and livelihood assistance, out of which, 77 per cent received direct food assistance and 23 per cent received assistance through cash and voucher modalities and agricultural inputs and tools.

In the SW, 20,340 beneficiaries (10,371 females, 9,969 males) were reached in Meme and Manyu divisions with 326.457 MT of in-kind assistance. Partners also reached 25,730 beneficiaries (16,975 females, 8,755 males) in Fako and Meme divisions with cash assistance.

In the NW, partners reached 25,692 people (11,658 females, 14,034 males) in Bui and Boyo divisions with 204.116 MT of in-kind assistance. They also reached 17,435 beneficiaries (10,759 females, 6,676 males) through cash assistance in Mezam division.

Food security partners continued to provide technical support and monitor activities: 550 mini poultry production units, African nightshade and tomato farms in pest control methods for 700 households, 50 mushroom production units, 40 established fish production units for persons living with disabilities (PLWD), and 60 established vegetable gardens for PLWDs.

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Situation Report
Emergency Response
Health
MSF Community health volunteer providing free consultation to IDPs in South West region

Health

Health partners provided lifesaving services to 156,259 people in 36 health districts (HDs) out of the 39 in the NWSW, through mobile clinics, community health workers, direct support to health care facilities and health care vouchers.

For the first time since October 2021, no new cases of cholera were reported in the SW region. This is the result of sustained efforts of all stakeholders involved in the response, including the affected communities. As of July 30, the cumulative number of cases remained at 6,040, with 93 deaths and a case fatality rate of 1.5 per cent.

On the other hand, there was a resurgence in COVID-19 with 247 new cases reported in the NW and 13 reported in the SW. The most affected health districts in the NW are Ndu, Bamenda 3, and Tubah, and Limbe in the SW. Response activities have been stepped up with the reopening of treatment centres, intensification of vaccination campaigns, and increased testing.

Reactive campaigns against measles have been planned for August in the Akwaya and Limbe health districts in the SW, after positive cases of measles have been reported since June.

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Situation Report
Emergency Response

Protection

In July, an increase in protection incidents was recorded with 463 incidents reported as compared to 316 in June. According to the harmonized protection monitoring data, violations perpetrated by the different parties to the crisis against the populations include arbitrary arrests/detention, destruction of property, threat to life and personal security, abduction/kidnapping, torture/inhumane treatment, killing/murder, extortion of property, forced recruitment, physical assault, injuries/mutilation, forced eviction, andlooting/plunder. Among the reported incidents, on 24 July, NSAG elements attacked 4 civilians, leaving two dead in Wum town (Menchum division), leading to retaliation attacks killing 6 persons and severely injuring 16 others. Housing, Land and Property (HLP) partners reached 5,167 people (3,047 females, 2,120 males) with counselling, sensitisation services and capacity building. Partners indicated that many IDPs in Idenau and Debuncha (West Coast sub-division) live in inadequate housing. Other reported HLP issues include encroachment in Bamendakwe village and forced evictions in Nkwen village and Bamenda 2 subdivision in the NW, as well as risk of eviction with difficulty to get access to land in Fako in the SW.

Child Protection

The operating environment was weakened due to several security incidents. The detention of an international NGO staff member since 31 May continues to negatively affect the organization’s activities and the operating environment in general in the SW. Road blocks by NSAGs from 6 to 11 July along the Bali-Batibo road in the NW and the 3 days lockdown imposed by NSAGs from the 25to 27 of July also hindered CP activities in these regions.

CP partners reached 16,487 children and caregivers with mental health and psychosocial services, and awareness raising sessions on CP, GBV and COVID-19. In addition, 46 UASC were identified and placed under adequate alternative care services, 317 children were provided with support to acquire birth certificates, 597 children received child sensitive case management, 1,067 parents and caregivers were reached with GBV risk mitigation and prevention services, and another 1,020 people were reached through capacity building on community-based child protection mechanism (CBCPM) and accountability to affected people (AAP).

Training of children and caregivers on the dangers of IEDs and unexploded ordnance remain urgent needs, in addition to gaps in mental health and psychosocial support, case management and birth registration support. Gender-Based Violence (GBV)

Data gathering organizations (DGOs) reported 392 GBV incidents to specialised services providers, mainly in Fako (28 per cent), Mezam (22 per cent), Momo (13 per cent), Donga Mantung (12 per cent) and Meme divisions (11 per cent). About 93 per cent of survivors are females, 4.1 per cent are people living with disabilities, and 30.1 per cent are children, including 18.9 per cent UASC. IDPs constitute 57 per cent of survivors, 34 per cent host community members and 9 per cent returnees. The decrease in incidents is due to the rollout of the GBV information management system (GBVIMS) as only eight DGOs can report at this stage on GVB incidents, thus limiting the capacity to generate or track GBV prevalence data.

Reported incidents include emotional abuse (35 per cent), physical assault (19 per cent), denial of resources and opportunities (17 per cent), rape (15 per cent), sexual assault (11 per cent), and forced marriage (3 per cent). All survivors received psychosocial first aid, 59 per cent psychosocial services, 12 per cent health services, and 9 per cent child protection services. Mental health services, economic empowerment/livelihood services, emergency basic need support, safe house/shelter, legal assistance and security/police services were also provided to survivors. Partners referred 36.7 per cent of survivors to other service providers.

In addition, GBV partners reached 25,907 persons with GBV interventions, including GBV awareness-raising, prevention and risk mitigation services for children and women, in addition to training and involvement in income generating activities for women and girls.

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Situation Report
Emergency Response

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

WASH partners reached 165,319 with hygiene promotion and provision of WASH items, in 10 of 13 divisions only of the NWSW due to access constraints and limited resources, out of which 68 per cent of beneficiaries are in the SW. About 1,072 people benefited from capacity building activities related to water, sanitation, and hygiene.

Partners agreed to conduct a joint water point diagnostic assessment in both regions to be used as baseline to monitor interventions and prioritise beneficiary areas.

The cholera situation greatly improved with no new cases reported as a result of the joint response.

Limited interventions to address the root causes of recurring cholera outbreaks and low investment in WASH infrastructures are the main gaps experienced by the sector.

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Situation Report
Emergency Response

Shelter/NFI

The insecurity continues to instigate new displacements and pendular movement, this situation is aggravated by rising inflation and other economic factors that have negatively affected the living conditions of internally displaced, returnees, and other vulnerable persons.

As rainy season advances and road traffic becomes more difficult, construction sector has weakened in some villages. There has been also loss of livelihood in the construction sector because of supplies shortage for more durable construction materials such as corrugated galvanized iron (CGI) sheets, windows, doors, and cement. This situation makes the longer- term prospects for recovery more difficult.

Partners reached 2,322 households with NFI assistance, out of which 1,322 in Mezam and Momo divisions (NW) received assistance through cash and voucher modality, while 1,000 in Fako Division (SW) received NFI kits and 100 households were provided emergency shelter kits. In addition, 100 households were identified for a cash for rent programme in Bamenda and Kumba towns.

As of August, the cluster reached 79 per cent of the targeted 12,475 households with NFI, 31 per cent of the 18,492 households targeted with emergency shelter support, 33 per cent of the 484 households targeted with rental assistance, and 0 per cent of the households targeted with transitional shelter.

Due to recent spike in prices of both shelter and NFI materials, the cluster updated its kit specifications while putting in place a tool for regular monitoring of item prices.

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Situation Report
Coordination

Humanitarian Coordination

OCHA continued to provide leadership in the response through the facilitation of the Inter-Cluster Coordination Group, the Access working group, the Information Management working group, Civil-Military coordination meetings and Humanitarian coordination forums (HCF) in the NW and SW, as well as in West and Littoral regions which host IDPs from the NWSW. OCHA and humanitarian partners continued to advocate with all parties to ensure affected populations can receive unimpeded and timely life-saving assistance and protection, and to facilitate humanitarian access and operations.

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