Situation Overview / Humanitarian access
The situation in the North-West and South-West regions (NWSW) remains tense with continued violence and targeted attacks, including abductions, kidnappings, killings, unlawful arrests, and destruction of property. Populations, as well as education and healthcare providers in particular, continue to be under high risks when accessing facilities or delivering services. They continuously face threats, direct attacks, and armed incursions. The global rise in prices of basic commodities further exacerbates suffering among already vulnerable communities.
Attacks against school staff and students continued. On 4 July, non-State armed groups (NSAGs) fired several gunshots near a school in Kumba (Meme division, SW) while the general certificate of education (GCE) examinations were ongoing. On 8 July, NSAGs intruded into the premises of the university of Buea, in the SW and abducted a lecturer supervising end of semester examinations. They also harassed the students taking the exam before chasing them out of the classrooms.
On 15 July, an international medical NGO issued a statement in which it announced the reduction of its operational capacities in the SW from 1 August, due to administrative constraints and the lack of safety for its staff. On 5 July, NSAG elements broke into a mobile clinic administered by an international NGO and harassed the staff in Ediki, Meme division (SW).
Humanitarian actors continued to operate under numerous constraints including repeated lockdowns imposed by NSAGs, harassment at checkpoints, bureaucratic impediments, diversion of humanitarian aid, and risk of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in public spaces and main roads in urban and rural areas. In addition, heavy rains have rendered some roads difficult to pass and others unusable. With the combination of those constraints, delivery of humanitarian assistance and programming remain very challenging.
On 24 July, intercommunal clashes were reported in Wum subdivision (NW), resulting in 8 civilian casualties and 103 people displaced to nearby bushes and communities fearing an escalation of the situation.
COVID-19 continues to be active in both NW and SW regions: according to the Health Cluster, 260 new cases were reported in July, despite a steady decline in the number of positive cases in the regions since the beginning of the year.