Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Points of Entry (POE); Operational Support and Logistics

Needs:

  • Cisterns/wells for a potable water next to screening points in the 32 prioritized PoE sites in the East region.

  • Additional materials including gloves, facemasks, thermometers, hand washing stations, etc. at local medical centers and other points at the 32 prioritized PoE sites in East region.

  • A contingency plan to respond to future public health emergencies in the health region including the development of a list of priority sites for public health interventions based on mobility characteristics and trends in the area, to be developed by MoH and other relevant actors.

Response:

  • At PoE, the number of positive COVID-19 cases increased with the systematic screening of passengers at Douala and Yaounde Nsimalen international airports, reaching approximatively 75 per cent of individuals entering Cameroon.

  • During a coordination and partnership conference conducted by IOM on 3 December 2020 in Yaounde, 25 official and unofficial points of entry were identified in the East region, including 10 official and 15 unofficial), along with a prioritization level.

  • In December 2020, IOM, WHO and partners increased the number of screening stations at PoEs. The data in the graph below shows the evolution of the screening points at PoEs.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Lack of a national preparedness plan for future health emergencies based on the findings of recent participative mapping exercises, including lists of prioritized sites for public health measures to limit the spread of communicable diseases.

  • Absence of a hand-over strategy for actors providing assistance and equipment including hospital equipment to ensure the sustainable management and care of supplied equipment for future health crises.

  • Lack of coordination with existent child protection and gender specific actors in the East region, to liaise and refer cases, especially considering the negative impacts of long periods of confinement which call for greater attention and coordination.

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