Chad

Situation Report

Highlights

  • Over 3.6 million people in Chad are food insecure in Chad
  • More than 960,000 people are severely food insecure
  • The next lean season will be harder than in 2021
  • A more serious situation than in 2020
Food distribution_2020 Floods
9 September 2020, Walia, N'Djamena, Chad. Food and livelihoods assistance in the most affected areas across the country is essential now. Addressing the situation must be the soonest before it is too late. Photo: OCHA/Federica Gabellini.

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Chad

Situation Report

Key Figures

5.5M
People in need
4M
People targeted
523K
Refugiés
406K
PDI
361K
Personne dans les communautés hôtes
109K
Retournés

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Chad

Situation Report

Funding

$617.5M
Required
$214.3M
Received
35%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Federica Gabellini

Public Information Officer

Augustin Zusanné

Public Information Analyst

Chad

Situation Report
Analysis
Cadre Harmonisé_Oct-Dec2021
Source: Food Security Information and Early Warning System (FSEWS)/Ministry of Agricultural Development; November 2021.

Over 3.6 million people in Chad are food insecure, including more than 960,000 severely insecure

At the end of November 2021, the Food Safety and Early Warning Information System (SISAAP) published the results of the analysis of the Cadre Harmonisé (a unified tool for consensual analysis of acute food and nutrition insecurity in the Sahel and West Africa) on the food security and nutrition situation in Chad.

The results indicate an alarming situation stemming from irregular rains, and floods which have destroyed over 80,000 hectares of crops and caused the death of more than 6,000 heads of livestock.

According to the analysis, 963,244 people are currently severely food insecure, in phases 3 to 5. Compared to November 2020, where over 600,000 people were severely food insecure, which indicated a 60 percent increase then.

The situation continued to deteriorate and by March 2021, the number had doubled to over 1.2 million people in phase 3 to 5. In addition to the 963,244 people in the severely food insecure phase, 2,723,795 people are currently in the 'under pressure' phase, bringing the total number of food-insecure people in Chad to over 3.6 million.

Moreover, when taking into account 550,000 internally displaced people (IDP) who were included in the analysis of the Cadre harmonisé, the total number of food-insecure people in the country would reach over 4.2 million.

Currently, the departments of Bahr Azoum (Salamat province), Wayi, Mamdi (Lac), Nord Kanem, Kanem (Kanem), Monts de Lam (Logone Oriental), Lac Wey (Logone Occidental), Dababa (Hadjer Lamis), Biltine (Wadi Fira), and Baguirmi (Chari-Baguirmi) are among the most affected, considering the population size in these departments (see map).

However, the proportion of affected people compared to the populations of these departments indicates that the departments of Kanem and Wadi Bissam (Kanem), Fada, Mourtcha (Ennedi Ouest), Tibesti Ouest (Tibesti), Iriba (Wadi Fira) are the most affected. Food insecure people in these areas urgently need food and livelihoods assistance to cope with the upcoming lean season.

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Chad

Situation Report
Analysis
Cadre Harmonisé_June-August2022
Source: Food Security Information and Early Warning System (FSEWS)/Ministry of Agricultural Development; November 2021.

The next lean season will be harder than in 2021

It is estimated that 1.73 million people will be severely food insecure (in phase 3 to 5 of the Cadre Harmonisé) during the next lean season, from June to August 2022. Compared to 1.14 million in November 2020, this represents an increase of over 51 percent. In addition, over 3.63 million people living in the pressure phase would increase the total number of food-insecure people, during the lean season, to over 5.37 million.

Moreover, about 550,000 displaced people, according to figures in 2021, when taken into account increase the number of food-insecure people to over 5.92 million. In total, more than 2.2 million people will be severely food insecure in 2022.

During the lean season, the most affected departments by phase 3 to 5 of food insecurity will be Wayi (Lac, 99,596), Assoungha (Ouaddaï, 95,732), Dar Tama (Wadi Fira, 71,051), Kanem (Kanem, 67,617), Bahr Azoum (Salamat, 66,619), Mamdi (Lac, 61,691), Batha Est (Batha, 60,442) and Tandjilé Est (Tandjilé, 58,188).

In terms of the proportion of food insecure people to the population, the departments of Wayi, Mamdi (Lac), Dar Tama, Iriba (Wadi-Fira), Kanem, Nord Kanem, and Wadi Bissam (Kanem) are the most affected.

Seasonal assistance could prevent the exacerbation of food insecurity in these regions once the lean season starts. Additionally, strengthening their livelihoods now would contribute to a substantial reduction in the number of severely food insecure people during the upcoming lean season.

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Chad

Situation Report
Analysis

A more serious situation than in 2020

Food insecurity has worsened in 2021, with five departments currently at crisis stage, compared to the minimal phase last year. The southern part of the country is more affected than before.

Currently, several areas considered as granaries are already either in crisis or under pressure, such as the departments of Bahr Azoum and Aboudéia (Salamat province), Monts de Lam, Nya Pendé, Pendé (Logone Oriental), Lac Wey, Dodje, Ngourkosso (Logone Occidental). In 2020, all these departments were in the minimal phase (in green).

According to the provisional results for the 2021-2022 agricultural season, published by the Directorate of Production and Agricultural Statistics (DPSA) and partners, via the SISAAP, the agricultural production has overall decreased compared to 2020 results and the five-year average.

Chad’s Western Sahel, including Wayi, Kanem, Mamdi, Nord Kanem, and Wadi Bissam, has the largest drop in production, with 45 percent compared to 2020 and 20.2 percent compared to the five-year average.

During the projected period, the entire country will be in crisis and under pressure, except for few departments in the southern provinces, notably Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari and Mandoul, and the departments of Monts-Illi and Kabbia in Mayo-Kebbi Est.

The Government and partners are urged to find ways to meet the needs of people affected by food insecurity and malnutrition. Addressing the situation must be the soonest before it is too late. Donors are urgently required to provide generous support to help the most vulnerable.

In 2021, the National Office for Food Safety (ONASA), as well as the World Food Programme (WFP) and partners provided food assistance to over 1.2 million of the 1.7 million people who were in critical need of food assistance.

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