Although no comprehensive nutrition surveys have been conducted, aid workers report a rapidly deteriorating nutrition situation collected from rapid punctual surveys. Limited access to food, breakdown in healthcare provision, and limited access to safe water are exacerbating an already critical pre-crisis nutrition situation, when around 48 per cent of children under age 5 were stunted. World Vision’s multisectoral assessment across 12 locations found that there are 41,907 severely acute malnourished children in 3 centers for displace people in Shire alone, with an additional 9,858 in Adigrat. Further, MSF Holland’s nutrition survey reports 3.1 per cent of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 9 per cent of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). Actual cases are most likely much higher due to lack of access and data.
GOAL and WVE screened over 1,000 children in the accessible areas of South Eastern Zone and IDP sites in Mekelle and identified 19 SAM and 168 MAM cases. Nearly 600 pregnant and lactating women were also screened, 155 of which were identified as MAM. The highest number of SAM and MAM cases were reported in Enderta and Hintalo woredas in South Eastern Zone. Additionally, GOAL reported a total of 47 SAM admissions. The sub-national nutrition cluster continues to meet weekly; partners mapping has been completed.
There is an acute shortage of Blanket Supplementary Feeding supply to cover the entire region; WFP’s current plan includes 15 woredas, leaving a gap of 16 rural woredas and 27 urban towns. Limited access continues to delay aid delivery, while lack of communications hinders the sharing of necessary information on the needs and gaps, leading to constantly fluctuating projection of needs and targets. Challenges also include duplication of efforts and overlap of response due to partners receiving different recommendations from the ECC, Regional Health Bureau, and DRM Bureau without taking into consideration the latest information captured in the Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit 5W matrix.