Libya

Situation Report

Highlights

  • Ministry of Social Affairs and OCHA sign Memorandum of Understanding formalizing cooperation.
  • Inter-agency mission visits Misrata region.
  • Libya marks International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.
  • Libya exits fourth wave of COVID-19.
  • Access update: Humanitarian workers facing increased scrutiny in Libya.
OCHA and MoSA signing an MoU to support capacities related to emergency response (Ministry of Social Affairs)
OCHA and MoSA signing an MoU to support capacities related to emergency response (Ministry of Social Affairs)

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Libya

Situation Report

Key Figures

0.8M
People in need
211k
People targeted
168k
People displaced in Libya
635k
Migrants and refugees in Libya

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Libya

Situation Report

Funding

$75.3M
Required
$47.7M
Received
63%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Justin Brady

Head of Office

OCHA Libya

Office Email

Libya

Situation Report
Feature
Libya's Minister of Social Affairs and the Head of OCHA Libya during the signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding (Ministry of Social Affairs)

Ministry of Social Affairs and OCHA sign Memorandum of Understanding formalizing cooperation

On 6 March, OCHA and the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) formalizing an agreement to extend support, including capacity building measures. The one-year renewable agreement includes supporting capacity-building measures on emergency response planning and coordination; information management training to support data collection and analysis; as well as support the Ministry in reaching the most vulnerable groups, including Libyans impacted by the conflict.

The agreement will unify all efforts in the provision of humanitarian assistance avoiding duplication, with OCHA facilitating training courses on humanitarian coordination, assessment planning and rapid response in emergencies and displacement. Activities include the Multi Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA) training planned in May 2022 in conjunction with REACH, which will be provided for up to 200 enumerators from the Ministry covering all 116 municipalities in Libya. Following the MSNA training, OCHA’s Field Coordination Unit plans to trains all branches of MoSA on humanitarian emergency response coordination. OCHA's Head of Office stated that "the underlying concept is the primacy of Libyan capacity to respond to needs and the supportive role the international community should play."

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Situation Report
Feature
Inter-agency mission meeting with Tamina Local Council (OCHA)
Inter-agency mission meeting with Tamina Local Council (OCHA)

Inter-agency mission visits Misrata region

On 15 March 2022, an inter-agency mission, led by the OCHA Head of Office comprising representatives from WFP, UNSMIL/Human Rights, IOM, UNHCR, CESVI and NRC, visited Misrata municipality and met with municipal and local authorities, including the Mayor of Misrata and the local council in Tamina. The visit is a follow-up from the UN Humanitarian Coordinator’s mission last year, when local authorities emphasized the need to focus attention on small towns affected by years of conflict.

Discussions focused on infrastructure development as a top priority for the region, as well as the targeted rehabilitation of public health care facilities and schools. Local council members raised concerns about the impact on public services caused by the concentration of displaced families in and around Misrata. In turn, UN agencies informed about the various programmes being administered in the municipality supporting the provision and implementation of basic services, including the donation of a power generator to the Office of Examination and Studies by UNHCR, and WFP supporting families with general food distribution as well as a “Food for Training” project targeting 230 persons in Misrata with vocational training.

A visit was also conducted to a refugee shelter managed by the Libyan Red Crescent Society, with support from the International Rescue Committee, housing mainly women and minors. Many of the refugees were previously held in detention centres in the western region and are now awaiting resettlement through UNHCR’s voluntary humanitarian resettlement programme.

As a result of the mission, it was agreed to plan an inter-agency visit to Abugrain and Alweshka, security conditions permitting, as well as to coordinate with Sector lead agencies on issues related to health, education, WASH and protection for continued programming support in the region.

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Situation Report
Feature
Presentation by UNMAS during the event at Radisson Blu hotel in Tripoli (3F)
Presentation by UNMAS during the event at Radisson Blu hotel in Tripoli (3F)

Libya marks International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action

On 28 March 2022, Libya marked the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action under the theme “Safe Ground, Safe Steps, Safe Home”. The event, organized in Tripoli, brought together key stakeholders including government officials, representatives of the United Nations, national and international mine action organizations and representatives of the international community to present mine action programmes implemented in Libya.

As noted in last month’s Humanitarian Bulletin, mine action is critical towards Libya’s recovery as years of conflict have left parts of the country heavily contaminated with mines, Unexploded ordnance (UXO), and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW).

The event was organized by the Libya Mine Action Centre (LibMAC) and the Ministry of Defence, in collaboration with the Free Fields Foundation (3F), UNMAS, UNICEF, Danish Demining Group, Handicap international, the International Committee of the Red Cross in Libya, the Libyan Red Crescent, the HALO Trust, Danish Church Aid (DCA), ITF Enhancing Human Security, L.P.O. and AMACT. The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Georgette Gagnon, Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh of the Government of National Unity (GNU), government officials and representatives of the diplomatic corps were also in attendance at the event.

The Libyan Prime Minister stressed the need for concerted efforts locally and internationally to eliminate the threat of mines and explosive remnants of war in Libya, noting the government's efforts in this regard and emphasizing that much remains to be done.

The event featured a series of presentations highlighting risks, challenges, the progress of mine action activities in Libya, and modern technologies and approaches to survey and clearance.

*The event was held ahead of the actual date of the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action (4 April), to precede the month of Ramadan which fell on 2 April.

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Libya

Situation Report
Access

Access update: Humanitarian workers facing increased scrutiny in Libya

Reports received from humanitarian partners indicate an increase in the number of access constraints restricting the movement of humanitarian personnel and goods within the country. Some of the disruptions reported can be attributed to the closure of the air space between Tripoli and Benghazi from 3 to 22 March, which led to the re-routing of an UNHAS flight and the rescheduling of some humanitarian activities. Additional reports were also received regarding the denial of movement of international humanitarian personnel to certain parts of the country, which is impacting the quality of programmes across the country.

Bureaucratic and administrative impediments in the country have eased, with most INGOs reporting positive feedback regarding visa request submissions. As such, operational presence in the country is expected to increase in the upcoming weeks. On the other hand, financial constraints continue to burden operations. Despite constructive engagements with financial authorities, some banks continue to impose limits on cash withdrawals for humanitarian organizations to around 215 USD per day. On top of this, international transfers continue to be slow and often denied, putting pressure on the funds available to humanitarian partners on the ground.

Partners also reported increased scrutiny on the work of INGOs, NNGOs, and CSOs across the country. The concern that “out of the ordinary” requests from authorities have increased is shared across partners and is a trend that could persist. This included requests for filling of additional forms and detailed documentation on staff and any existing humanitarian activities, projects and/or partnerships. At the same time, an increase in reported cases of harassment of humanitarian staff when doing their work was also noted, which may be linked to a lack of acceptance of humanitarian operations or familiarity with humanitarian principles.

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Visual

Access constraints reported in 2022 (OCHA)

Access constraints reported in 2022 (OCHA)

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Libya

Situation Report
Analysis

COVID-19: Improved epidemiological situation in Libya marks exiting of fourth wave of COVID-19

March 2022 saw a marked decrease in COVID-19 case incidence, deaths and laboratory tests conducted in Libya, with the overall number of new cases reported in March showing an 89 per cent overall decrease (7,113 cases) from February (89 per cent and 75 per cent decrease in the west and east, respectively, and an 85 per cent increase in the south), which is consistent with Omicron trends in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

According to the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), the number of new deaths (147) reported in March saw a decrease by 40 per cent compared to the previous month. As a result, the monthly mortality rate was 2.1 deaths per 100,000 cases, with a monthly case fatality rate (CFR) of 2.1 per cent. However, the CFR remained high in the east (15.2 per cent), showing increased disease severity. There was a 38 per cent, 39 per cent decrease and 86 per cent decrease in deaths for the west, east and south, respectively.

The epidemiological situation in Libya showed significant improvement in March amid a marked decrease in the number of daily reported cases and deaths, which the NCDC indicates is a mark that the country has exited the fourth wave of COVID-19 with all the country's regions have been recategorized as having recovered to the second (out of five) level of epidemiological spread. The NCDC has advised putting into effect urgent plans to intensify vaccination campaigns and increase efforts in mobile vaccination units to limit the spread of the Coronavirus. In addition, precautionary measures should continue to be enforced while planning for a gradual scaling down of these measures until Libya achieves better control over the pandemic and reaches an acceptable level of vaccination coverage.

By the end of March 2022, the NCDC reported: 501,738 cumulative COVID-19 cases, including 6,419 deaths, and 5,267 active cases. As for vaccinations, a total of 2.2 million people received one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, 1.13 million people received two doses and 93,648 people received a booster dose. In addition, the NCDC, in partnership with IOM, continued the vaccination campaign targeting migrants and refugees, including those in detention centres, with a total of 10,385 individuals having received at least one dose by early April. The NCDC and IOM temporarily suspended the vaccination campaign for migrants and refugees during the month of Ramadan.

As of 15 March 2022, a total of a cumulative 8,950,720 vaccine doses had been received in Libya, of which 3.8 million (42 per cent) were estimated to have been utilized. Available vaccine stocks are estimated to be five million doses.

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Libya

Situation Report
Visual

Number of daily reported COVID-19 deaths vs Case Fatality Rate in 2022 (NCDC)

Number of daily reported COVID-19 deaths vs Case Fatality Rate in 2022 (NCDC)

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Libya

Situation Report
Coordination
Overview of OCHA’s activities for March 2022
Overview of OCHA’s activities for March 2022

Coordination Activity Report: March 2022

Highlights include:

  • A total of 22 coordination meetings were held in March, including discussions on the impact of the war in Ukraine on the MENA region, as well as meetings with the WASH and SNFI sectors and monthly meetings of the Area Coordination Groups in the three regions.

  • OCHA South Office continued meetings with representatives of displaced families from Murzuq to follow up on the situation of IDPs, as well as their planned return in July. Discussions were also held to follow up on the reconciliation agreement between Tebu and the Arab population of Murzuq signed in Tunis on 27 March.

  • In March, the Humanitarian Access Unit held ten meetings with partners, sector coordinators and other stakeholders to discuss and follow up on humanitarian access and response issues in the three regions, in addition to preparing the monthly Humanitarian Access Snapshot report. The Unit also organized a workshop on impediments to humanitarian access for focal points from humanitarian agencies operating in Libya.

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