More than 30,000 people remain displaced in camps and host communities. Out of the total number of internally displaced people (IDP), 871 people affected by Cyclone Idai are living in four camps, where living conditions are exposing them to serious protection and health risks.
With heavy rains pouring in Chimanimani District during the month of December, tents continued to deteriorate due to the change in weather conditions considering they have outlived their lifespan.
Food availability and accessibility remains a major challenge across the camps, as well as health services. COVID-19 restrictions and lockdowns have impacted displaced people and the access to livelihood activities seriously affecting their sources of revenue.
Water access is a major concern since WASH facilities are deteriorating in the camps and surrounding communities, and 135 boreholes and 25 dip tanks were reported affected, compromising accessibility to water for several communities.
Protection issues are on the raise, there is a need to assist with Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) as well as to review the welfare of IDPs.
There is a need for advocacy with Government to strengthen community-based reporting structures/referral mechanisms to ensure migrants returning to IDPs communities are screened and not exposing already vulnerable people.
There is a need to ensure PPE availability in the camps as the IDPs are also at risk of contracting COVID-19 due to their living environment.
Leading the Shelter/CCCM clusters, IOM has been advocating for durable solutions for IDPs to ensure that basic needs of IDPs and host communities are addressed.
IOM in collaboration with District Civil Protection Committee (DCPC) through the Shelter/ Housing Cluster committee started the IDP verification process in preparation for the relocation of the IDPs to West End once the transitional shelter is ready.
IOM is assisting IDPs and host communities as well as vulnerable communities and displaced populations through a new shelter intervention that ensures appropriate housing space, decongestion of IDP sites and camps with poor living conditions, to avoid the spread of COVID-19 and provide a digniﬁed way of living after over one year of displacement. The shelter intervention is targeting 674 displaced households in camps and host communities (224 displaced households in the four camps, 250 households in Chimanimani District and 200 households in Chipinge District).
Ministry of Local Government and Public Works is providing tents that will house builders/carpenters from the IDP camps at the as construction at Vumba relocation site begins. Trainings were conducted for 68 local builders who will be supporting the construction of the relocation site and as well in the host communities.
IOM is ensuring regular coordination meetings between IDP committees and Government authorities, so IDPs can start constructing and preparing livelihood activities. The operationalization of the relocation plan is ongoing, with IOM supporting the Government to start constructions and ensure the relocation of IDPs before the next rainy season.
Shelter materials on site and allocated to beneﬁciaries according to the shelter disposition in the area, constructions are planned for February 2021 as soon as the rainy season ends, and the climate conditions allows. This shall provide a durable solution to the affected population and release tension on the host communities.
Shelters partners such as ECONET with funding from UNDP have identified, assessed and allocated 118 out of 158 households to builders who have since completed repairs. The houses shall soon be inspected for occupancy.
There is an urgent need to ensure IDPs have constant access to medical services and health facilities, and to increase mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) tailored for COVID-19 distress for IDPs and affected communities.
In all IDP camps there is a need to work on modalities of improving security systems in the camps to curb thefts and vandalism.
The impact of COVID-19 has increased the vulnerability of IDPs in camps and some women and girls are resorting to negative coping mechanisms resulting in an increase of protection issues, there is a need to reinforced GBV and PSEA awareness, and strengthen community health workers capacity to respond to the affected population.
Reinforced surveillance needs to be strengthened through community leaders. There is need for more COVID-19 awareness campaigns in the camps to ensure communities are educated on health and preventive measures.